Grand Peterhof Palace

Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The Peterhof Palace is a series of palaces and gardens located in Peterhof, Petersburg, Russia, laid out on the orders of Peter the Great. These Palaces and gardens are sometimes referred as the “Russian Versailles”. The palace-ensemble along with the city center is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Hydrofoil from St. Petersburg to Peterhof, Russia.Hydrofoil from St. Petersburg to Peterhof, Russia.Hydrofoil from St. Petersburg to Peterhof, Russia.Hydrofoil from St. Petersburg to Peterhof, Russia.
From St. Petersburg it is a short hydrofoil boat ride to Peterhof to the north where you can visit the wonderful gardens and fountains of the Grand Peterhof Palace.
Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The expanse of the Lower Gardens is designed in the formal style of french formal gardens of the 17th century. Although many trees are overgrown, in the recent years the formal clipping along the many allees has resumed in order to restore the original appearance of the garden. The many fountains located here exhibit an unusual degree of creativity. One of the most notable designs is entitled ‘The Sun’. A disk radiating water jets from its edge creates an image of the sun’s rays, and the whole structure rotates about a vertical axis so that the direction in which the “sun” faces is constantly changing.
Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Several fountains are designed with the specific purpose of soaking visitors. Two take the form of gangly trees rigged with jets that activate when someone approaches. Another, disguised as an umbrella with a circular bench set around the stem, drops a curtain of water from its rim when someone enters to take a seat.
Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The same bluff that provides a setting for the Grand Cascade houses two other, very different cascades. West of the Grand Palace is the Golden Mountain , decorated with marble statuary that contrasts with the riotous gilded figures of the Grand Cascade. To the east is the Chess Mountain, a broad chute whose surface is tiled black and white like a chessboard. The most prominently positioned fountains of Peterhof are ‘Adam’ and ‘Eve’. They occupy symmetric positions on either side of the Sea Channel, each at the conjunction of eight paths.
The dominant natural feature of Peterhof is a sixteen-metre-high bluff lying less than a hundred metres from the shore. The so-called Lower Gardens (Nizhny Sad), at 1.02 km² comprising the better part of Peterhof’s land area, are confined between this bluff and the shore, stretching east and west for roughly 200 metres. The majority of Peterhof’s fountains are contained here, as are several small palaces and outbuildings. East of the Lower Gardens lies the Alexandria Park with 19th-century Gothic Revival structures such as the Kapella.
Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Atop the bluff, near the middle of the Lower Gardens, stands the Grand Palace (Bolshoi Dvorets). Behind (south) of it are the comparatively small Upper Gardens (Verhnyy Sad). Upon the bluff’s face below the Palace is the Grand Cascade (Bolshoi Kaskad). This and the Grand Palace are the centrepiece of the entire complex. At its foot begins the Sea Channel (Morskoi Kanal), one of the most extensive waterworks of the Baroque period, which bisects the Lower Gardens.

The Grand Cascade is modelled on one constructed for Louis XIV at his Château de Marly, which is likewise memorialised in one of the park’s outbuildings.

At the centre of the cascade is an artificial grotto with two stories, faced inside and out with hewn brown stone. It currently contains a modest museum of the fountains’ history. One of the exhibits is a table carrying a bowl of (artificial) fruit, a replica of a similar table built under Peter’s direction. The table is rigged with jets of water that soak visitors when they reach for the fruit, a feature from Mannerist gardens that remained popular in Germany. The grotto is connected to the palace above and behind by a hidden corridor.

 

Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Royal Palace, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The fountains of the Grand Cascade are located below the grotto and on either side of it. Their waters flow into a semicircular pool, the terminus of the fountain-lined Sea Channel. In the 1730s, the large Samson Fountain was placed in this pool. It depicts the moment when Samson tears open the jaws of a lion, representing Russia’s victory over Sweden in the Great Northern War, and is doubly symbolic. The lion is an element of the Swedish coat of arms, and one of the great victories of the war was won on St Samson’s Day. From the lion’s mouth shoots a 20-metre-high vertical jet of water, the highest in all of Peterhof. This masterpiece by Mikhail Kozlovsky was looted by the invading Germans during the Second World War; see History below. A replica of the statue was installed in 1947.

Perhaps the greatest technological achievement of Peterhof is that all of the fountains operate without the use of pumps. Water is supplied from natural springs and collects in reservoirs in the Upper Gardens. The elevation difference creates the pressure that drives most of the fountains of the Lower Gardens, including the Grand Cascade. The Samson Fountain is supplied by a special aqueduct, over four km in length, drawing water and pressure from a high-elevation source.

Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.Peter & Paul Church, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Constructed in 1905, the Cathedral of Saint Pre-Eminent Apostles Peter and Paul is Peterhof’s most significant church that has survived. Created to a design by the architect Nikolay Sultanov, this church can be seen from a long distance, beyond the city limits. A perfect view of the Cathedral is provided both from the Gulf of Finland and from the side of the railway.
The Cathedral is over 60 meters high. Its five spires have the shape of a tent. They form a kind of attics that have dormer-windows cut in them.

 


Passionate Photographer …. Lost in Asia

Stuart Taylor of HighlanderImages Photography has been making images for over 25 years and can offer a diverse range of photo imaging services with a focus on Asia and a documentary/photojournalistic style. These services include planning and executing a photo shoot on location but importantly all the post-processing and image preparation needed for the specific finished media format required by the customer. Stuart’s experience and knowledge in all of these aspects makes HighlanderImages Photography a one-stop-shop for a comprehensive and professional image production service.

Stuart can be available for a variety individual assignments or projects and he specialises in areas such as photojournalism, commercial, architectural, real estate, industrial, interior design, corporate, urbex, adventure, wilderness and travel photography. Stuart can also offer some innovative and advanced techniques such as HDR (High Dynamic Range) and Panoramic Photography.

Final image products can be delivered as high resolution images, prints, books, multimedia slideshows, videos and DVDs. Images from this website can be purchased as prints in a variety of sizes and media, as gift items or as digital downloads.

E-Mail : staylor@highlanderimages.com
Website : www. highlanderimages.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s